Cedar vs Pine | Difference Between Wood, Tree, and Fence?

Cedar Wood

Cedar(Cedrus) is known for making quality furniture. It gives a great appearance and durability. Cedar has natural rot and decay resistance properties. Which makes it suitable for external applications. Its many special properties make it different from many other softwoods. 

Cedar is not a wood of a particular species. Rather cedar includes many species of wood. Such as Western Red Cedar, Northern White Cedar, Australian Red Cedar, Aromatic Red Cedar, Spanish Cedar, Incense Cedar, and many more.

Pine Wood

Pine(Pinus)  belongs to the family of trees known as conifers. It is known for its durability, workability as well as great appearance. It varies from yellowish-white to reddish-white. Depends on its environment and place of origin.

Like the cedar, there are over 126 classified species of pine. Each species has its own advantages and disadvantages. These are used on the basis of their properties.

PropertiesCedarPine
Scientific nameCedrusPinus
Tree height130 – 160 ft. (40 – 50 m) tall10 – 260 ft (3 – 80 m) tall
Wood colorPinkish-red color to dark colorYellowish or Whitish to Reddish-Brown
WorkabilityGreat workability properties.Good workability
FinishingGood finishing qualities.Good
DurabilityIt is extremely durable. Therefore it is used for Boat Making.Good durability for interior applications.
TypeSoftwoodSoftwood
UsesCedar oil, fencing, decking, siding, boatbuilding, musical instruments, and many more.Furniture, window frames, paneling, floors, roofing, and many more.

Cedar vs Pine Uses

Cedar and pine uses
The Cedar and pine uses

Cedar Uses

The Cedar is very known for its great furniture. It is suitable for both interior and exterior furniture. Its rich, red color is attractive. Cedar Wood has aromatic properties. Therefore It is widely used for clothing storage. So it will keep your home and your clothes smelling fresh.

The wood of some pine species has great heat resistance wood and good decay resistance properties, So it is used in making shingles. As we know shingles have to withstand the weather. In such a situation, it is very important for them to be strong.

Cedar, mahogany, and Sapele have been used for musical instruments since long ago. However, Western Red Cedar and Yellow Cedar are famous for making musical instruments. Cedar is available at a lower price than mahogany and Sapele.

Cedar oil has been used for medicine, art, industry, and perfumery since ancient times, first used by Sumerians and Egyptians. It is still used for treatment in many rural areas.

Pine Uses

Pine Wood is a great choice for furniture projects. It is known for its hardness and shock resistance even after softwoods. We know that hardness, color, shock resistance, and grain are essential qualities for quality furniture. All these qualities are found in pine.

Pine is a better choice for moldings and trim. Because it is softwood, which is easily trimmed and molded. The workability of pine wood is very good. Can be worked easily with machines and hand tools.

Pine is also used for flooring and decking. However, some owners believe that hardwood is better for flooring because hardwood is stronger than softwood. But it is not 100% true. Despite being softwood, pine is suitable for flooring and decking.

Many dwarfs and beautiful pine species are available. Which are used as ornamental trees for parks and residential areas.

How to Recognize Cedar vs Pine Wood?

Appearance

The color of most cedar species is light brown with streaks of dark red. The wood color and grain patterns vary among species. The heartwood of Western Red cedar is reddish to pinkish brown and the sapwood is pale yellowish-white in color. And the heartwood of the northern white cedar is pale brown or tan and the sapwood is almost white.

The heartwood of most Pine Wood species is reddish-yellow to reddish-brown and sapwood is yellowish-white to reddish-white. The color depends on their environment and place of origin. For example –
The heartwood of Eastern White Pine is light brown to reddish hue and the sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white. The heartwood of jack pine is orange-brown, and the broad sapwood is yellowish-white.

Grain

Most species of cedar wood have straight grain and a medium to coarse texture. While some species have shallowly interlocked and moderate natural luster grain.

Almost all pine has a straight grain, with a medium, even texture, which gives a uniform look to the applications.

Workability

Being a softwood, all species of cedar can be easily worked with hand tools and machines. Having knots is a bit difficult but it is not often the case. Some species of cedar such as Northern White Cedar, which are weak and soft, have less nail and screw holding capacity. Glues and finishes well.

Like cedar wood, pine wood also has very good workability. It can be easily trimmed and molded. Glues and finishes well. The species of Longleaf Pine contains resin, which can cause some problems with sandpaper.

Odor

White Pine has a faint, resinous odor while being worked while red cedar has a strong, lingering, aromatic scent.

Allergies

Working with pine and cedar has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions including eye, skin, and respiratory irritation, as well as runny nose, and asthma-like symptoms.

Sustainability

Cedar and pine wood species are not listed in the CITES Appendices and are reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Cedar Vs Pine Fence

Fence
Fence

Which is the best wood for fences cedar or pine?

Both cedar and pine are excellent wood species. Cedar and Pine both are better for fences and have been used for a long time. Both are different species of wood, So both have some merits and some flaws. It depends on the way you use it.

Generally, cedar lumber weighs less than pine lumber, so cedar lumber is slightly easier to work with and easier to carry.

But Cedar lumber is not easily available in large sizes. Whereas pine lumber is available in the market in large quantities. Because of this, cedar lumber is more expensive.

Cedar vs Pine Hardness

There are many species of cedar and pine, and the Janka hardness value of all species is different. You can compare in the table given below.

Pine Wood Janka Hardness

Pine Wood SpeciesJanka Hardness
Eastern White Pine380 lbf (1,690 N)
Western White Pine420 lbf (1,870 N)
Red Pine560 lbf (2,490 N)
Austrian Pine660 lbf (2,920 N)
Loblolly Pine690 lbf (3,070 N)
Longleaf Pine870 lbf (4,120 N)

Cedar Wood Janka Hardness

Cedar Wood SpeciesJanka Hardness
Northern white cedar320 lbf (1,560 N)
Western red cedar350 lbf (1,560 N)
California White Cedar470 lbf (2,090 N)
Spanish Cedar600 lbf (2,670 N)
Australian Red Cedar700 lbf (3,130 N)
Aromatic Red Cedar900 lbf (4,000 N)

Cedar Fence Pros and Cons

Sr.Cedar Fence PROSCedar Fence CONS
1.Cedar is known for its rich reddish-brown appearance.It is very expensive compared to many other softwoods. If we compare it with a pine fence then almost double the cost of cedar.
2.It is naturally rot-resistance. Which increases the age of your fence.Experts believe that it is not suitable for areas with moisture.
3.It requires less maintenance than other softwoods.Due to continuous sunlight, it loses its dark color.
4.It is light and soft so the workability properties are very good.It gets spoiled if it is in contact with moist soil for a long time. So required regular maintenance.
5.It is 100% eco-friendly, and it is not harmful to health.Due to the high demand for cedar, it is not always available in the market.
Cedar Fence Pros and Cons

Pine Fence Pros and Cons

Sr.Pine Fence PROSPine Fence CONS
1.Pine has good soil resistance. Pressure-treated pine fences are especially durable for soil contact.Pine is susceptible to rot and insect damage. Therefore require regular maintenance.
2.The workability of pine is much better than cedar.Being too soft, it can be easily damaged and susceptible to scratches and dents.
3.Most of the species are easily available in the market.The wood color of the wood changes when exposed to sunlight.
4.Resists shrinkage and swelling. So that bad weather has less effect on the pine. We can say environmental balance is good. Knots & Knotholes are present in common pine. Choose a high grade for better application.
5.It is more affordable than cedar.It does not hold screws and nails very well.
Pine Fence Pros and Cons

Cedar vs a Pine Fence Cost

The price of a cedar fence is higher than that of a pine fence. The price depends on its wood quality and fence installation companies. The cost to install a cedar or a pine fence varies greatly by region.

But if you look at the average price, Pine fences vary from $9 to $24 per linear foot and cedar fences vary from $24 to $35 per linear foot.

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