Port Orford Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana):
Port Orford Cedar is also known by another name Lawson cypress. The wood is lightweight, of great strength, and rot-resistant. Which makes it even more useful and special. Its wood is also known for its highly fragrant ginger aroma.
Due to its Straight grain, It is also famous for building arrow shafts. During World War II, It is used for storage battery separators. It is exported to Japan where it is used to make coffins, and for shrines and temples.
Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata):
Western red cedar is also known as Pacific red cedar, giant arborvitae or western arborvitae, or giant cedar. It is native to Western North America. Its lightweight, strong, and dark, make it popular for making musical instruments and sound boxes.
It is famous for being extensively used for outdoor construction. Due to its lightweight – 390 to 400 kg / m3. It is most common to make boat building.
|#||Port Orford Cedar||Western Red Cedar|
|Scientific Name:||Chamaecyparis lawsoniana||Thuja plicata|
|Tree Size:||140-200 ft (42-60 m) tall, 4-6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) trunk diameter||160-230 ft (50-70 m) tall, 7-13 ft (2-4 m) trunk diameter|
|Average Dried Weight:||29 lbs / ft3 (465 kg / m3)||23 lbs / ft3 (370 kg / m3)|
|Janka Hardness:||590 lbf (2,620 N)||350 lbf (1,560 N)|
|Odor:||Port Orford Cedar pungent, ginger-like scent||Western Redcedar has a strong, aromatic scent.|
|Common Uses:||Arrow shafts, musical instruments||Shingles, exterior siding, and lumber|
Port Orford Cedar vs Western Red Cedar Uses
Port Orford Cedar Uses
- It is famous for making Arrow shafts. Because it contains straight grain with a uniform medium to fine texture.
- It is very durable regarding decay resistance, and also resistant to insect attacks. Port Orford Cedar heartwood can withstand moisture well. Therefore is a good option for making boatbuilding, decking, and boat parts.
- It gives an amazing color/appearance, Color tends to darken with age upon exposure to light. It is also known for Indoor applications such as doors, and interior-finish millwork items.
Western Red Cedar Uses
- It can be used for exterior applications. Such as shingles, exterior siding.
- The heartwood of Western Red Cedar is used to make boat buildings, decking, greenhouses, and boat parts. Although the hardness of Western Red Cedar is very low. But it is very durable in regard to decay resistance.
- It has natural beauty with aromatic smell and natural insect-repellent, some types of cedar famous for manufacturing dressers and other clothing stores.
Port Orford Cedar vs Western Red Cedar Workability
Port Orford Cedar Workability: Easy to work with both small tools and machine tools. Hold paint well. Stains glues, and finishes well. It finishes beautifully and produces a great appearance.
Western Red Cedar Workability: It is also easy to work with both hand and machine tools. But it dents and scratches very easily. Due to its softness, It does not require pre-drilling to apply the nail and screw.
Port Orford Cedar vs Western Red Cedar Identification
Port Orford Cedar Identification
- The bark of the Port Orford Cedar is brown, with flat ridges.
- The leaves of Port Orford Cedar are blue-green, narrow, flat, and scale-like. Leaves are arranged in decussate opposite pairs.
- Its sapwood color is pale yellow to white and the color of heartwood varies from light yellow-brown to pinkish-brown.
- The one-inch thickness of Port Orford is stronger and heavier than a one-inch thickness of western red cedar.
- It does not bear fruit.
- Odor is similar to ginger spice.
Western Red Cedar Identification
- It has scale-like green leaves that form flat sprays. It has glossy foliage that grows in a pyramid shape. The foliage forms flat sprays with scale-like leaves in opposite pairs.
- Aromatic leaves emit the smell like pineapple when crushed.
- The color of its bark is dark brown. The bark is easily removed from trees in long strips.
- The size of a leaf is 1 to 4 mm (0.04 to 0.16 in) long and 1 to 2 mm (0.04 to 0.08 in) broad.
- The cones of Western Red Cedar are slender, 10 to 18 mm long, and 4 to 5 mm broad, with 8 to 14 thin.