Beech vs Pine Wood | Which is Best for Your Furniture?

Beech wood is durable, stronger, and more resistant than pine wood. Pine is a softwood that is an excellent choice for indoor furniture, Whereas beech is a hardwood and it is a good choice for structural woodworking.

Beech (Fagus)

Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America. Fagus has stout trunks and smooth silver-gray bark. The leaf becomes dark green in summer and vibrant copper in autumn.

European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) is a well-known wood species widely available across Europe. It is used for lumber, veneer, flooring, boat building, and furniture.

Pine (Pinus)

Pine (Pinus) is the name of several tree species. Such as Western White Pine, Eastern White Pine, Longleaf Pine, and many more. They all have almost the same habits and properties. The length of their trees is about 15–45 meters.

Pine is well known for its strength and elasticity. It is the most affordable building material and is used for interior furnishing, furniture, building, construction, and many applications. Pine is easily available worldwide.

#Beech Pine
Scientific Name:FagusPinus 
Tree height:100–130 ft (30–40 m) tall.15–45 m (50–150 ft) tall.
Color/Appearance:Pale cream to brown hue color.Creamy white to yellow(Eastern white pine)
Workability:Overall goodGreat Workability
Uses:Veneer, flooring, boatbuilding, railroad ties, musical instruments.Furniture, building, construction
Availability:Easily AvailableEasily Available
Difference between Beech vs Pine

Beech vs Pine Wood Uses

Beech uses 

  1. It can be easily split and burned without any problem. The Beech is excellent as firewood. 
  2. European beaches have more weight than American beaches. So it is best for furniture framing and door construction, flooring, and engineering purposes.
  3. Beech has a natural sweetness. It is known for smoking meat, fish, vegetables, nuts, and cheese. It is common to smoke Westphalian ham.
  4. Due to the good finish and great color, It is used to make musical instruments such as Drums and Guitar bodies.
  5. The timber of beech is the best option for making chalets, houses, and log cabins.

Pine uses

  1. Pine, Spruce, Fir, Hemlock, and a few other softwoods are used by the paper industries. 
  2. It’s easy to shape and stain. Therefore, Pine is considered better for interior uses such as furniture, window frames, paneling, floors, and roofing. 
  3. Many cedar species make parks attractive ornamental plants, with a variety of dwarf farming, which is commercially grown and harvested for Christmas trees.
  4. Some special pine species have pine nuts, So they are used for cooking and baking.
  5. Some pine species are nearly as resistant to rot as cedar, used for deck building and other exterior applications. But he must be pressure-treated. Because Pine has no insect- or decay-resistant qualities. It starts to rot when exposed to soil. 

Beech vs Pine Wood Appearance

Beech Appearance: The color of beech wood is light to pinkish. Sometimes it can be a pink or brown hue. Straight grain with a uniform texture. It can be darkened to a reddish-brown color through a steaming process. 

Pine Wood Appearance: Pine can be yellowish-white to a reddish hue and sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white. Color tends to darken with age. The grain is straight, with a medium, even texture. Pine tree bark is smooth on young trees but develops reddish-brown color with age.

Beech vs Pine Wood Workability

Beech Workability: Overall good workability. It can be glued, finished, and trim very well. Beech is known for steam-bending. They can be easily worked with tools and machines.

Beech has excellent turning and curving properties and works well for chair legs and backs. The beech presents some problems in addition to its hardness, resulting in scratches If sanding is done across the grain on the lathe. So the suggestion is to use low grain hand sandpaper.

Pine Workability: Pine is medium-weight and relatively soft. So It is that easy to work with both hand and machine tools. Due to its soft surface, pinewood takes nails and screws very well and does not require pre-drilling. Its bending capability is also very good.

Beech vs Pine Wood Sustainability

Beech Sustainability: Beech trees grow very slowly. According to the  US Forest Service reports, it took 10 years for plants planted in northern Pennsylvania to grow 2 feet high. Therefore we can say Beech is not more sustainable than Pine.

European Beech (1,450 lbf (6,460 N) Janka) and American Beech (1,300 lbf (5,780 N) Janka) wood species are not listed in the CITES Appendices. But They are on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Pine Wood Sustainability: Pine is a fast-growing species. Species of trees that grow faster are more sustainable. Many species of Pine are sustainable such as Eastern White Pine, Radiata pine, Scots Pine, Maritime Pine, and Ponderosa Pine.

Longleaf pine is on the IUCN Red List. Listed as vulnerable due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations. 

Which is Best for Your Applications?

Pine and Beech both are great good. They have their own properties and benefits. Pine is easily available all over the world. which makes it a solid choice for many furniture pieces. It is also known as an inexpensive plywood material. Pine is more Sustainable than Beech, So Carpenters can use this without worry.

Beech is a very hard and straight-grained wood. This is widely famous for making furniture, cabinetry, cooking utensils, tool handles, plywood, and sports equipment.

If we talk about outdoor furniture, then Beech absorbs a lot of moisture. Then it makes sense that it is not most suitable for outdoor furniture. If we talk about pine then pine does not naturally resist decay, and it is pressure treated to make it more durable for outdoor projects.

Read also Poplar wood vs Pine | Which is Better for Your Applications?

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