Red Pine vs White Pine | Their Uses, Workability, and Durability

Red Pine vs White Pine | Their Uses, Workability, and Durability
Red Pine vs White Pine

Introduction

Red Pine

Red Pine is a coniferous evergreen tree and native to North America. The reason for its name being “Redpine is that some red color may be seen in the fissures of the bark. Its leaves are needle-like and it is producing fruit like the cone. Red pine wood is hard and straight-grained. Red pine is harder than white pine. It has medium density and is widely used for paper, construction lumber.

White Pine

White pine is commonly known as the eastern white pine, northern white pine, and western white pine. Eastern white pine is native to eastern America and western white pine is native to western America.

These are very similar to each other, but then there is some difference. Such as tree height, wood hardness, and weight, etc. Because they have an effect on location and environment.

All these are softwood evergreen species of pines. heartwood is light or reddish-brown and the sapwood is white to a pale yellow. Eastern White Pine Wood is suitable for construction lumber, carving, and boatbuilding and Western White Pine is good for Veneer, plywood, crates, boxes, wooden matches, and interior millwork.

#Red PineEastern White PineWestern White Pine
Scientific Name:Pinus resinosaPinus strobus  Pinus monticola
Tree Height:65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall65-100 ft (20-30 m)98–164 ft ( 30–50 m)
Trunk Diameter:2-3 ft (.6-1 m)2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m)3-5 ft (1-1.5 m)
Dried Weight:34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3)25 lbs/ft3 (400 kg/m3)27 lbs/ft3 (435 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness: 560 lbf (2,490 N)380 lbf (1,690 N)420 lbf (1,870 N)
Color/Appearance:Pale Yellow to Reddish Brownlight brown to the reddish hueLight brown to the reddish hue
Rot Resistance: Not Good Rot ResistanceNot Good Rot ResistanceNot Good Rot Resistance
Workability:GoodGreatGood
Uses:posts, railroad ties, paper (pulpwood), and construction lumberconstruction lumber, carving, and boatbuilding.Plywood, interior millwork, carving, and construction lumber.
Difference between red and white pine

Red Pine vs White Pine Use

Pine uses
Image by Barry D from Pixabay

1. Flooring 

Many people think that softwood is not suitable for flooring because softwood is weaker than hardwood. But this is not 100% correct. Many softwoods have been used for many centuries for flooring.

Red pine has more hardness than white pine, but it is still a softwood species. That easy dents and scratches. But it is widely used for flooring because of its own advantages. As such it is inexpensive and has less sound than hardwood while walking on it.

White Pine is also a great choice for flooring. It lasts for a long time and has been used all over the world for a long time. You can find examples of pine floors in use that are 100-120 years old with regular maintenance.

2. Furniture

Red pine is still a strong, shock-resistant, easy to work material suitable for furniture. But it is not as good as oak. High-grade pine wood has fewer knots, which are considered good for furniture. Pressure-treated pine is a great option for exterior and interior furniture, that has been chemically treated to resist rot, decay, and termites. 

White Pine is less dense than Yellow Pine and Red Pine. Therefore it is not suitable for outdoor furniture. Because it is a less stable wood species. Pine Wood moves in small amounts with seasonal changes in temperature and humidity. White pine may be a better choice for furniture but depends on what kind of furniture building.

3. Crates and Boxes

Red pine is not used much for boxes and crates because it is denser than white pine. The second reason is that it gets a little more expensive and heavy for box applications.

White pine is considered a great option for boxes and crates, because of its low hardness, it can be easily worked on even small pieces of wood and glued well.

Red Pine vs White Pine Workability

If we talk about the workability of red and white pine. The workability of both these species is great. Because its Janka Hardness and density is low compare to the hardwood. Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. Glues and finishes well. They do not require pre-drilling before applying nails and screws. 

Pine has great notable turning, carving, and bending properties. White pine has 8,600 Bending Strength (psi) and yellow pine has 14,500 (psi).

Are Red Pine and White Pine Rot Resistant?

Species of pine do not have very good Rot-resistance and decay resistance. but The heartwood is rated as moderate to low in rot resistance. The treated red pine is used for exterior projects such as posts or utility poles.

Chemical and Pressure treatment is the special process to make it more durable and less susceptible to decay, insect infestation. Treated pine wood is more expensive than normal pine wood.

How to Identify Red Pine?

Tree

Red pine trees are 65–100 ft (20–30 m) in length and 2-3–3 ft (.6–1 m) in diameter. It is mostly seen in well-drained, acidic, dry sandy soils. Red pine growth is “very uniform” under a good environment. It increases in height by approximately 10 inches (30 cm) every year.

Length of Eastern White Pine tree 65-100 ft and The length of the Western White Pine tree is about 98–164 ft. It also grows well-drained, sandy soils like a red pin. But this does not mean that in other types of soil it does not grow, Their development is not so great. Eastern white pine is the fastest-growing evergreen. It grows by about 2 feet(24 inches) every year.

Bark

Red Pine bark is reddish-brown or gray bark. In the beginning, the bark is light gray or gray and smooth, later it turns dark brown and becomes rough with age. The fissures in its bark also increase.

Young white pine’s bark is thin, gray-green, and smooth. The bark has a thickness of 2 to 5 cm, with broad ridges of darker scales. The fissures in its bark increase with the age of the tree.

Leaves

Being a conifer all pine tree has needles, not leaves. Red pine has two long needles in each cluster, and yellow pine has three needles in each cluster. The size of needles is 4 to 6 inches long.

White pine has five needles in each cluster, the size of each needle is 3 to 5 inches long. In starting, it is blue-green, later it becomes dark green and drops in the fall. You might be thinking that pine is evergreen, which is always green. But it is not exactly right, it just happens over a longer period of time with all pine species.

Cone

The Red Pine cones are egg-shaped and 2- 3 inches long. Its forming pollen cones and seed cones on the same tree. Red Pine cones take 12 to 18 months years to mature and release their seeds that depend on the atmosphere and locations. Small seed cones are initially reddish-brown, later it becomes large and dark brown.

White pine cones are 3-6 inches long. tree’s cones are brown and slender. It originates from the end of the pine’s branches.

Is Red Pine Harder Than White Pine?

Yes, there is no doubt that red pine is harder and denser than white pine. On the basis of which we can say that it is also stronger than white pine. The dried weight of red pine is 545 kg / m3, while Eastern White Pine has 400 kg / m3 and Western White Pine has 435 kg / m3 weight.

Leave a Reply